Jay Wright Forrester biography

 Jay Wright Forrester, (born July 14, 1918, close to Anselmo, Nebraska, U.S.—died November 16, 2016, Concord, Massachusetts), American electrical engineer and administration skilled who invented the random-access magnetic core reminiscence, the information-storage machine employed in most digital computer systems. He additionally led the event of an early common function pc and was considered the founding father of the sector of techniques dynamics.

Forrester was educated in electrical engineering on the University of Nebraska (B.S., 1939) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT; M.S., 1945), the place he did analysis in servomechanism principle and feedback-control techniques. Such examine aided the U.S. army throughout World War II. After the conflict he led the Digital Computer Division of MIT’s Lincoln Laboratory and launched into the event of Whirlwind I, a whole real-time computing system designed for the U.S. Navy. During the course of this work, he realized that the sluggish and unreliable information-storage techniques of early digital computer systems hindered their additional growth. In 1949 Forrester devised a reminiscence system that saved info in three dimensions; in his invention a magnetic cell was employed for each storage and switching. The know-how remained the popular technique of reminiscence storage into the Nineteen Seventies.

During the Nineteen Fifties Forrester, collectively together with his Lincoln Laboratory colleague George Valley, got here up with the plan for the U.S. Air Force’s Semi-Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air protection pc system, which was developed from the Whirlwind prototype in cooperation with International Business Machines Corporation (IBM), Burroughs Corporation (later merged into the Unisys Corporation), Western Electric Company, Inc., and different subcontractors. SAGE included 23 Direction Centers within the United States and 1 in Canada, with every of those radar and missile installations being managed by its personal pc, although all of the computer systems had been in continuous contact with one another for information alternate and evaluation. Partially operational by 1958 and absolutely operational in 1963, SAGE was the brains behind the American air protection system into the Nineteen Eighties.

In 1956 Forrester left digital computing and joined MIT’s Sloan School of Management. During this time he started experimenting with the applying of computer systems to administration issues. While engaged on a venture for General Electric, he devised the strategy of pc simulation wherein real-world relationships, such because the circulate of supplies in a manufacturing unit, are represented as a collection of interconnected mathematical equations that may be fed to the pc. He is thus usually credited as being the daddy of techniques dynamics, primarily the applying of methods utilized in techniques engineering to nonengineering issues. Forrester wrote a number of books on the topic, together with Industrial Dynamics (1961), Principles of Systems (1968), Urban Dynamics (1969), and World Dynamics (1971). His Collected Papers appeared in 1975.

Forrester was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 1979. Three years later he was honoured by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) as a Computer Pioneer Charter Recipient. He was awarded the U.S. National Medal of Technology and Innovation in 1989, the 12 months that he retired.


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